The Need: 77% of the world’s countries are not on track to meet their Paris targets for carbon reduction. In 2019, CO2 emissions were on the order of 36 gigatonnes, and methane emissions were around 570 million tonnes. Although many national and local governments have adopted “zero emission” targets, the pathways to achieve them are still unclear.
Current State: Stanford has many faculty researchers and existing programs already working on aspects of this challenge (red circles). We believe that to achieve gigaton scale solutions, it is important to consider R&D in a holistic way, one that looks at the interplay of global energy systems, atmospheric concentrations, and the carbon cycle, and bridges fundamental science with systems engineering and includes the feedback loops and iterations at various stages in between.