Enabling beyond 50 percent adoption of electric vehicles
Imagine we are in 2030. Electrification of land-based personal transportation globally is racing to 50 percent, as trucks and freight trains near 20 percent. The 2030 electric vehicle fleets include bikes, cars, buses and passenger trains. The vehicles are sometimes autonomous. Ridesharing is much more common than today. These vehicles vary in their performance characteristics, particularly in their range. Affordable and plentiful clean electricity powers these vehicles to meet stringent policy requirements worldwide. Recharging happens at home, at work,at charging stations in shopping lots and gas stations. The speed of charging has improved significantly, ensuring that high daily mileage—like those of long and short haul trucks—can happen with ease. How will we get there? This is the subject of our EV50 fladship project.
On October 29, 2019, over 100 Stanford professors, students, and a select group of industry leaders and policymakers convened at Stanford to explore major opportunities and obstacles in electricity infrastructure development to enable beyond 50% penetration of electric vehicles (EV). Bits & Watts Co-director, Arun Majumdar, opened the workshop and laid out a series of challenges for the workshop panels and participants. Two Bits & Watts founding members, State Grid Corporation of China and Pacific Gas and Electric, shared their goals for the electrification of transportation in China and California respectively. In 2030, China’s EV stock will reach 80 million and the power of all EV batteries will exceed 1 billion kilowatts. California has a goal of 5 million ZEVs on the roads by 2030 and 250,000 EV charging stations by 2025.
Twelve panel presentations addressed various aspects of emerging technologies, policy issues, and market potential. A number of important opportunities were identified through three facilitated panel discussions focused on market segments represented by utilities, automakers, and charging networks. Assembly member, Phil Ting, NRDC Attorney, Max Baumhefner, and former CPUC commissioner, Nancy Ryan participated in a fascinating EV policy fireside chat moderated by Charlie Kolstad. A key message delivered by them was that the current California policy for charging infrastructure for 2025 is insufficient. They would like to see more research on building out EV charging infrastructure.
Participant comments and questions in response to panel discussions raised many high-priority challenges and opportunities. The discussion, especially between the various stakeholders, was substantive, open and terrific! It highlighted things that are being resolved, and many other open issues that need to be addressed in our EV50 research program.